8 Aug 2022 12:43

Russian ministry sets CO2 emission reduction targets to 2030 for economic sectors

MOSCOW. Aug 8 (Interfax) - Russia's Economic Development Ministry has drafted a government order to approve targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions for sectors of the economy.

The ministry proposed to cap the country's emissions as of 2030 at 2.212 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent, or 70% of the 1990 level. The cap on net emissions would be 1.673 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent, or 54% of the 1990 level, the document, seen by Interfax, said.

The draft order also sets targets for sectors of the economy. The cap on net emissions for the energy sector would be 894 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent as of 2030, including 558 million tonnes for electricity and heating; 138 million tonnes for the oil industry; 105 million tonnes for pipeline transport; 68 million tonnes for coal; and 23 million tonnes for the gas industry.

The cap for industrial production sectors, including fuel emissions, would be 405 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, including 148 million tonnes for ferrous metallurgy, 9 million tonnes for nonferrous metallurgy, 62 million tonnes for production of construction materials, 111 million tonnes for chemicals and petrochemicals, and 33 million tonnes for the forestry, wood processing and pulp-and-paper industry.

The cap for the transport sector would be 186 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, including 157 million tonnes for automobile transport, 18 million tonnes for air transport, 9 million tonnes for rail transport, and 2 million tonnes for marine and internal waterway transport.

The cap for the construction, housing and utilities sector would be 371 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent, and for waste management and agriculture the caps would be 84 million tonnes and 222 million tonnes, respectively.

The ministry's press service confirmed to Interfax that it has sent the draft order to other federal agencies for approval.

The State Duma passed a bill on an experiment to restrict greenhouse gas emissions in Sakhalin Region on February 16. The experiment will run from September 1, 2022 to December 31, 2028 and other Russian regions will be able to join it.

At the federal level, the law on a national system for trading carbon units was passed in the summer of 2021. It introduces mandatory greenhouse gas emissions reporting for a number of Russian companies and creates the outlines of a national carbon unit trading system, but it does not provide for fines and does not set targets for emission reductions.

The Economic Development Ministry earlier submitted a draft resolution to the government on the rate of payment for exceeding greenhouse gas emission quotas under the Sakhalin experiment. It would require organizations participating in the experiment to pay 1,000 rubles into regional budgets for every tonne of excess emissions.